Additional Cheat Sheets & Information

National Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour, and Sleep Recommendations for Children (Birth to 5 years)

The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (Birth to 5 years) show there is an important relationship between how much sleep, sedentary behaviour and physical activity young children get in a 24-hour period.

These recommendations are for all children aged Birth to 5 years who have not yet started school, irrespective of cultural background, gender or ability. The recommendations are outlined below and are also available in the brochure – Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years (Birth to 5 years) .

Exclusion times for infectious childhood conditions

Some medical conditions require children to be excluded from child care to prevent the spread of infectious diseases among other children and staff, as well as the broader community. Minimum exclusion times are recommended under the Public Health Act 2005. Some conditions may require clearance by your doctor or local public health unit before returning to child care.

Tantrums: why they happen and how to respond

Tantrums are extremely common in toddlers and preschoolers. This is because children’s social and emotional skills are only just starting to develop at this age. Children often don’t have the words to express big emotions. They want more independence but fear being separated from you. And they’re discovering that they can change the way the world works.

So tantrums are one of the ways that young children express and manage feelings, and try to understand or change what’s going on around them.

Dealing with tantrums can be very draining and stressful. You might feel you need to step in to end a tantrum straight away. But if it’s safe, it can help to take a breather while you decide how to respond.

You can find more information and ideas for staying calm and keeping things in perspective:

Children’s habits

Lots of children have habits like nail-biting and thumb-sucking. The good news is that most habits go away by themselves. But if you need to help your child break a habit, here are some practical steps to take.

Most habits go away by themselves. But if your child’s habit is getting in the way of everyday activities, has become embarrassing, or is even causing some harm, you might want to take action.

Follow the link below to get some tips for breaking habits

Overstimulation: babies and children

A stimulating environment to play in and explore helps your child learn and grow. But sometimes too many activities add up to overstimulation, so downtime is important for your child too. It’s all about finding a balance that’s right for your child.

Balancing activity time and quiet time:

In the first five years of life, your child’s brain develops more and faster than at any other time in his life. Your child’s early experiences – the things he sees, hears, touches, smells and tastes – stimulate his brain, creating millions of connections.

This means your child needs a stimulating environment with lots of different activities that give her plenty of ways to play and learn, and lots of chances to practise what she’s learning.

But it doesn’t mean you need to spend all day every day dangling toys in front of your baby, or that you have to rush your child from school to extracurricular activities. Babies and young children also need quiet time in predictable and familiar settings.

Building self-esteem: babies and children

Children’s sense of themselves changes as they get older. At different ages, they need different kinds of support to build healthy self-esteem.

Self-esteem is about liking yourself and who you are. For children, it comes from knowing that you’re loved and that you belong to a family that values you. You can read more about children’s self-esteem on the link below: